Mastering Angular Directives: A Comprehensive Guide for Developers

In the ever-evolving world of web development, efficiency and simplicity are key factors in creating robust and user-friendly applications. If you're looking to harness the full potential of Angular, it's crucial to hire an Angular developer who possesses the expertise to leverage this popular and powerful JavaScript framework effectively.

Angular offers a wide range of features and tools that streamline the development process, and Angular directives play a pivotal role in simplifying web development. By hiring an Angular developer, you gain access to their in-depth knowledge and experience in utilizing directives to provide a structured and intuitive approach to manipulating the Document Object Model (DOM) and enhancing code reusability.

Whether you need to revamp an existing web application or build a new one from scratch, hiring an Angular developer ensures that you have a skilled professional who can maximize the benefits of this game-changing framework. So, if you're ready to take your web development endeavors to new heights, it's time to hire an Angular developer who can unlock the true potential of this exceptional framework.

What are Angular Directives?

Directives are classes that add additional behavior to elements in your Angular applications. Use Angular's built-in directives to manage forms, lists, styles, and what users see.

Angular directives serve as markers on HTML elements, allowing developers to extend HTML syntax and imbue their web applications with custom behaviors and functionality. By encapsulating complex logic and presentation details within directives, developers can effectively separate concerns and achieve a more modular and maintainable codebase.

Benefits of Angular Directives

One of the primary advantages of Angular directives is their ability to simplify repetitive and error-prone tasks. With directives, developers can encapsulate commonly used functionality and create reusable components that can be easily integrated into various parts of their application. This not only saves time and effort but also promotes consistency across different sections of the website or web application.

Additionally, Angular directives facilitate a declarative programming style, making it easier to understand and maintain code. By attaching directives directly to HTML elements, developers can express their intent more clearly and succinctly, improving code readability and reducing cognitive load.

Mastering Angular Directives

Moreover, Angular directives offer a powerful tool for manipulating the DOM dynamically. Whether it's modifying element properties, adding or removing elements, or handling user interactions, directives provide a structured approach to controlling the behavior and appearance of web elements. This not only simplifies development but also enhances the overall user experience by enabling the creation of interactive and responsive interfaces.

In this article, we will delve deeper into the various ways Angular directives simplify web development. We will explore how directives streamline code organization, enhance reusability, promote consistency, and empower developers to create dynamic and engaging web applications.

So, let's embark on a journey to uncover the transformative potential of Angular directives and unlock the true power of web development simplicity.

Types of Angular Directives

The different sorts of Angular directives are as follows:

1. Components Directives:

Used with a template. This kind of directive is the most typical directive type.

Types of Angular Directives

2. Attribute Directives:

Change the looks or behavior of a part, component, or another directive.

3. Structural Directives:

Change the DOM layout by adding and removing DOM elements.

What is a Component directive?

  • Component directive, is nothing but an easy class which is decorated with the @component decorator.
  • In Angular 2, Normal typescript class will become a component class once it's been decorated with @component decorator.
  • It is mainly wont to specify the html templates.
  • It is the most typically used directive in angular project.
  • If you would like more info on angular component, then kindly refer here: have to add.

Built In Component Directive @component: -

@Component decorator provides additional metadata that determines how the component should be processed, instantiated and used at runtime.

What is an attribute directive?

It is essential to adjust or modify the behaviour of the html element.

As the name suggests, it is used to modify the characteristics of the currently selected html element. There are several built-in attribute directives in Angular 2. NgClass and NgStyle are two of the most helpful ones.

Built-In Attribute Directive: NgStyle,NgClass,NgModel

. NgStyle:-

NgStyle directive is analogous to at least one of the knowledge binding techniques called style binding in angular, but the most difference is, NgStyle is accustomed set multiple inline styles for HTML elements.

  • An attribute directive that updates styles for the containing HTML element.
  • Sets one or more style properties, specified as colon-separated key-value pairs.
  • The secret is a method name, with an optional.
  • suffixes (such as 'top.px', 'font-style.em').
  • The value is an expression to be evaluated.

File Name app.component.ts

import {Component} from '@angular/core';

@Component ({  

  selector: 'my-app',  

  template: ` <button style='color:blue' [ngStyle]="ApplyStyles()">Style Applied</button>}) 

export class AppComponent {  

               isBold: boolean = true;  

fontSize: number = 30;  

               isItalic: boolean = true;  

    ApplyStyles() {  

              let styles = {  

               'Font-weight': this.isBold ? 'bold': 'normal',  

                              'Font-style': this.isItalic ? 'italic': 'normal',  

               'Font-size.px': this.fontSize }; return styles;}}


  • Adds and removes CSS classes on an HTML element.
  • The CSS classes are updated as follows, counting on the sort of the expression evaluation:
  • string - the CSS classes listed within the string (space delimited) are added,
  • Array - the CSS classes declared as Array elements are added,
  • Object - keys are CSS classes that get added when the expression given within the value evaluates to a truth value, otherwise they're removed.

<some-element [ngClass]="'first second'">...</some-element>

<some-element [ngClass]="['first', 'second']">...</some-element>

<some-element [ngClass]="{'first': true, 'second': true, 'third': false}">...</some-element>

<some-element [ngClass]="string: Exp|array: Exp|obj: Exp">...</some-element>

<some-element [ngClass]="{'class1 class2 class3': true}">...</some-element>

What is a Structural Directive?

HTML layout is addressed through structural directives. They change or restructure the DOM's structure, generally by adding, deleting, or changing components.

To put it simply, structural directives are used to feature or remove the Dom Element itself inside the Dom Layout, whilst attribute directives are used to just modify the attribute or look of the Dom element.

Structural directives are easy to acknowledge by using an asterisk (*)

Built-in structural directive - NgIf,NgFor,and NgSwitch :-

NgIf :-

The ngIf Directives is employed to feature or remove HTML elements supporting an expression. The expression must return a Boolean value. If the expression is fake then the element is removed, or else the element is inserted.

  • <div *ngIf="hero" class="name">{{hero.name}} </div>
  • No brackets. No parentheses. Just *ngIf set to a string.
  • The asterisk (*) could be a convenience notation and therefore the string could be a micro syntax instead of the same old template expression.

Render to

 <ng-template [ngIf]="hero">

<div class="name">{{hero.name}} </div>


Angular debuggers this notation into a marked-up that surrounds the host element and its descendants. Each structural directive does something different therewith template.

. Ngfor :

The ngFor is an Angular structural directive that repeats a portion of the HTML template once for each item in an inerrable list (Collection). The ngFor, which is similar to the Ng Repeat in AngularJS, is used to customize data presentation. It's mostly used to represent an inventory of items through repeating cycles.


    <li *ngFor="let hero of heroes">{{hero.name}} </li>  


This syntax is debugged by Angular into a marked-up that surrounds the host element and its descendants. With a template, each structural instruction performs something different.

<div *ngFor="let hero of heroes; let i=index; let odd=odd; trackBy: trackById"   [class.odd]="odd">

    ({{I}}) {{hero.name}}


. NgSwitch :-

The ngSwitch directive enables you to add/remove HTML elements counting on a match expression. ngSwitch directive used together with ngSwitchCase and ngSwitchDefault

The Angular NgSwitch is actually a set of cooperating directives:


NgSwitchCase, and 


<ul [ngSwitch]="person. Country"> 

               <li *ngSwitchCase="'UK'" class="text-success">

{{person.name }} ({{ person.country }}) </li>

<li *ngSwitchCase="'USA'" class="text-primary">

{{person.name}} ({{ person.country }}) </li>

 <li *ngSwitchDefault  class="text-warning">

{{person.name }} ({{ person.country}}) </li>




Directives are the building blocks of Angular. This blog has gone through the importance of Angular Directives. These are basically the building blocks of Angular. They play a crucial role in defining and manipulating the structure and behavior of HTML elements. Directives allow you to extend HTML with custom attributes and elements. They provide a way to create reusable components and enhance the functionality of your Angular applications. Thus, understanding directives is essential for effective Angular development.